What is a Freelance Contract?

2 years ago   •   9 min read

By Zekeriya Mulbay

If you're new to freelancing, you may find the concept of a contract confusing. But before that first freelance job, you should understand exactly what a contract is and what it contains. If there is a freelance contract, it makes things smoother.

Freelance Contract

A freelance contract specifies the terms of employment between a freelancer (or "contractor") and the person or firm who needs their services. A detailed freelance contract ensures that both parties know what to anticipate from one other, ensuring that assignments are completed on schedule and that payments are received promptly.

If you don't have a freelance contract form in place, you're vulnerable to non-payment, liabilities, and possibly legal issues.

Define Freelance Contract

A freelance contract is a document that spells out the project details for which the contractor is being hired. You'll need to write a freelance contract for each work you take on, whether you're an independent contractor or a firm hiring one.

Before beginning work, it's critical to have a contract in place to ensure that both the freelancer and the employer understand the scope of work and how the freelancer will be compensated.

Define freelance contract

The contract protects both the freelancer and the company. Both parties will be able to avoid any unnecessary misunderstandings and address any differences in how freelancers should complete the task before it begins. The independent contractor can include stipulations in the contract to protect themselves, such as demanding a deposit for new customers or imposing late payment penalties.

When Do I Need a Freelance Contract?

A freelance contract establishes explicit expectations for both parties for a given assignment over a specified period.

When do I need a freelance contract

Employers and freelancers might use freelance contracts to avoid problems leading to a lawsuit. They establish clear parameters for when a project should begin, how many changes are permitted, what is expected of the work, and who owns the copyright to the freelancer's output.

As a result, you must create freelancing contracts before beginning a freelance job. Yes, for any gig or freelancing project.

Consequences of Not Using a Freelance Contract

Starting work for a client without a freelance contract could lead to misunderstandings, resulting in lost payment or more effort.

The freelancer may discover that their work has been exploited without giving them credit, or they may suffer fines if they don't have all of the necessary documentation to file their tax return.

Not using a Freelance Contract

Employers who hire freelancers without a contract risk incurring losses in terms of time, money, and legal fees.

Misclassifying a freelancer as an employee, and vice versa, has profound implications, including substantial fines and the possibility of jail time. It's critical that you know the difference between an independent contractor and an employee and the repercussions for you and your company.

Common Uses of a Freelance Contract

On the other hand, Freelance agreements provide more than just legal protection for you and your customer.

A solid freelance contract serves as a guideline. It covers what you promised to do for the client and what you didn't. Refer back to the contract if you or they have any doubts (did we mention two or three revisions?), and voila, problem solved!

Common uses of a Freelance Contract

Another critical reason to have a written contract is to indicate that you are a genuine, professional company rather than a one-person show.

Finally, freelance contracts allow you to distinguish between the good (genuine and paying) and the not-so-good clients. Any client who refuses to sign a contract (yours or theirs) is a red flag. So, if that's the case, consider dropping them.

Must-Have Clauses in a Freelancer Contract

If you're still stumped on how to draught a freelance contract, we've put up a list of contract conditions that must include in any freelancer agreement.

Must-Have Clauses in a Freelancer Contract
  • Dates, names, and contact information
  • Your responsibilities and function
  • Information on payments
  • Deadlines
  • Ownership
  • Information that should not be shared
  • Terms for independent contractors
  • Liability restrictions
  • Indemnity and Termination Terms

What should a freelance contract provide?

Contracts guarantee that the parties' agreed-upon objectives will be met. Different types of contracts can be classified as oral contracts, written contracts, unconscionable contracts, breach of contract, etc. Here are some items to add to a contract or service agreement template:

What should a freelance contract provide?
  • Your work will be protected if you have clear payment terms (i.e., IP protection)
  • Relationship Building Blocks
  • Window Agreement or Fair Contract Length Scheduling Unit
  • Pre-termination notice timeframe and timing

All contract templates have these essential characteristics. Other details may be required depending on your sector and projects.

Tips to pay attention to writing your Freelance Contract

1. Make sure to be specific and thorough

Even in a freelance contract, first impressions are crucial. To make an excellent first impression, start with a strong assurance. It's critical to be thorough in your freelance agreements.

Make sure to be specific and thorough

Contract ambiguity can cause aggravation and red tape issues when working with clients. As a result, we recommend avoiding ambiguous language and providing precise statistics and other facts whenever possible.

2. Define the payment terms

Payment is maybe the most crucial aspect of any freelance contract to address. When you acquire the work, be explicit about your pay rate and the terms of how and when you'll be paid. Most freelancers charge a monthly or weekly retainer fee and a per-hour cost for work completed.

Define the payment terms

3. Write a detailed scope of work.

The scope of work (SOW) is the most critical aspect of any contract. Without the SOW, one party cannot assess whether the other party has completed the work satisfactorily. The SOW also allows parties to see what work will be done over a specific time frame. Many freelancers and ad-hoc agreements, for example, are ambiguous regarding what can be offered at any particular time. The agreement becomes more visible for both parties by clearly describing the task to be done.

4. Establish project timelines

Setting up precise project timeframes will help you prevent squabbles and clarify the extent of work you'll be undertaking.

In a contract, it's critical to define project schedules and milestones. It helps freelancers and clients avoid future conflicts, saving time and frustration.

Establish project timelines

Your client may be puzzled about what they can anticipate from you if you provide imprecise job descriptions.

5. To protect your rights, including a termination clause in your contract

The early termination clause allows the contract to be terminated early if the client fails to fulfill a specific duty or demand. In this approach, one party can end the contract by giving the other enough written notice of their intent to do so.

6. Late payment penalties

What happens if the client does not pay on time? Interest charges on late payments can protect your cash flow and encourage clients to pay promptly.

Late payment penalties

You must inform your clients about late payment fees before you begin charging them. In your contract, make sure they are clearly stated and reasonable-for example, a 5% charge for every 14-day delay in payment. You could also consider offering a discount to clients who pay early.

7. Revisions and alterations

We've all submitted work only to receive numerous requests for tweaks or amendments from our clients. It's easy to fall into the "Trap of Infinite Tweaks" if you don't have a clause in your contract.

Revisions and alterations

Specify how many rounds of adjustments you'll make within a given project budget and how much further changes will cost. For example, independent writers frequently include one round of editing in the project price and then charge an hourly rate for additional modifications.

8. As a freelance contractor, what is your status?

Although you are not an employee and are not entitled to the same perks as employees, such as sick pay and vacations, some clients may treat you as such.

What is your status

Contracts should clearly explain what it means to be a contractor, including the freedom to work on your own time, set deadlines, accept work from other clients, and pick and choose which projects to work on. If you're not sure, check your country's regulations.

The Benefits of Freelance Contracts

  • Manage expectations - once signed, this written agreement outlines what the freelancer and the consumer can expect in pricing and quality.
  • If there are any issues, serve as a point of reference - disagreements will undoubtedly arise, but a contract provides a reference point for both the freelancer and the consumer.
  • Maintain a set of criteria for both the freelancer and the client — the contract should specify how the client should respond to updates and reviews.
  • Be mutually beneficial — a freelancer contract benefits everyone, improving the working relationship.
  • Construct a relationship of trust with the client and guarantee that freelance services are adequately compensated.
  • Save time while making a professional impression.

Why Should Your Freelance Contract Include a Termination Clause?

Every freelancer understands the agony of parting ways with a customer and having to start looking for new ones. Including a termination clause in your freelancing contract form can protect you from clients who terminate your services without warning to avoid paying the next payment.

Termination Clause

Termination provisions may also be advantageous to you. If you find that you don't get along with a customer or that their work isn't what you expected, having a clear exit strategy will help you finish the contract positively.

Yes, you should consult with a lawyer regarding your freelance contract template. Send it to a law company or a legal freelancer for feedback once you've done everything to incorporate every applicable clause. A legal review may be costly, but having a solid contract will save you time, money, and aggravation in the long run.

Legal Advice Regarding

What is the definition of a short-term freelance contract?

A short-term freelance contract is a straightforward agreement that covers work completed in a short amount of time or with only one or two goals. These contracts usually have a defined end date and are pretty short.

What's the difference between contracting as a freelancer and contracting as an employee?

An employee contract is between the firm and its subordinates, but a freelancing contract is between two equal persons. Here are a few more significant distinctions:

The difference between contractior as a freelance
  • Employment contracts are frequently open-ended, whereas freelance contracts are for a specified period or work package.
  • A subordinate relationship is established through an employment contract. Freelance contracts allow freelancers autonomy over their work and schedule.
  • Employee contracts typically guarantee a specified pay for a set length of time. Contracts for freelance work may not always promise the same amount of money.


While both sides want a positive outcome from their interactions, having a good contract that specifies the terms of your deal with your client is one of the most effective ways to protect your company in the event of a disagreement. A freelancing contract is an essential part of the beginning and running of a business. You risk losing your clients' confidence and business if you don't have it.


Furthermore, a keen eye for detail is necessary when reading a freelancer's contract. Ascertain that the agreements reached are mutual, considering both parties' expectations and focused on future outcomes.

A freelancer contract is a means to safeguard your interests as a freelancer. It serves as a safety net, but it also defines how the company operates. This legal agreement guarantees that you will be paid for the work you deliver and that the client will receive work of the expected and promised quality.

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